What causes back pain during pregnancy and how to solve it?

What causes back pain during pregnancy and how to solve it?
During pregnancy there are many complaints presented for example is a back pain

Back Pain During Pregnancy? What Causes Back Pain During Pregnancy And How To Solve It?

Pregnancy is a happy moment for most women. However, it is not uncommon during pregnancy lasts there are many complaints presented by pregnant women for example is a complaint of back pain. What causes back pain during pregnancy and how to solve it?

Quoted from Web MD, Wednesday (26/03/2014), back pain during pregnancy could be a good sign, namely that the fetus in the womb is growing. The more the fetus grows, the load on the back is also greater. Well, in general, pregnant women in the second half of pregnancy are often lodged a complaint of back pain.

Back pain during pregnancy usually occurs when the pelvic met with the spine, ie, in the sacroiliac joints. There are many possibilities as to why back pain in pregnant women can occur. Here are some of the causes:

1. Increased Weight
During pregnancy, women generally gain weight between 11 to 15 kg. As a result of weight gain, it also increases the burden of the spine that can cause lower back pain. Weight of the fetus and uterus increases also create pressure on the blood vessels and nerves in the pelvis and back.

2. Posture Changes
Pregnancy makes the center of gravity in pregnant women turned towards the front, along with a growing belly bulge. This causes posture changes. The result is pain or tension in the back.

3. Hormonal changes
During pregnancy, the body produces the hormone relaxin which makes allow ligaments in the pelvic area to relax and joints become looser. This is a preparation for the birth process. This hormone can also cause the ligaments that support the spine become more loose, causing instability and the rise of pain.

4. Separation on Muscles
Because of the enlarging uterus, two parallel muscles (rectum abdominis muscle) that runs from the ribs to the pubic bone, can be separated. This separation can aggravate back pain.

5. Stress
Emotional condition can cause muscle tension in the back. This is then perceived as pain. It may be that stress during pregnancy, she felt increased pain in his back.

How to Cope with Low Back Pain

If you have chronic back pain that is felt before pregnancy, the pain will be reduced gradually before you give birth. Well, here are some ways you can relieve back pain during pregnancy:

1. Sports
Regular exercise can strengthen muscles and increase flexibility. That activity can also reduce the stress on your spine. The type of exercise is safe for most pregnant women ie walking, swimming, and riding a stationary bike. Your doctor or physical therapist can recommend other types of exercise to strengthen the back and abdomen.

2. Hot and Cold Compress
Hot and cold compresses on the back can also relieve the pain you are experiencing. The trick is to put a cold compress, such as a towel filled with ice or frozen vegetables, then put on the sore area for 20 minutes. Do this several times a day. After doing such a compress 2-3 days, switch to hot compress. The trick is to put a heating pad or hot water bottle on the sore area.

3. Improve Posture
Slouching makes your spine becomes strained. Be on guard for proper posture while working, sitting, or sleeping. For example, sleep on her side with a pillow between the knees. This will reduce stress on your back. When seated, you also can put a rolled towel behind his back in order to give support to the back. In addition there is also a good idea to rest his legs by placing your feet on a stack of books or a bench and sit up straight.

4. Consultation
If the back pain associated with stress, talk to a trusted friend or consult with experts who can help.

5. Acupuncture
Research has shown that acupuncture is effective in reducing lower back pain during pregnancy. Before doing so, consult with your doctor.

How To Avoid Back Pain

There are several things you can do to help prevent back pain during pregnancy. Some things that can be applied, among others, as quoted from the NHS following:

  1. Avoid lifting heavy objects.
  2. Bend your knees and keep your back straight when lifting or taking something from the floor.
  3. Use the foot when you want to turn around to avoid twisting the spine.
  4. Wear shoes that are flat so as to allow the deployment load your weight to be more evenly distributed.
  5. When carrying shopping bags, seek balanced in carrying it. Divide the weights in both hands.
  6. Sit with your back straight and make sure to use the back support such as a pillow or rolled-up towel.
  7. Make sure you rest enough.
  8. Massaging the back gently can also help avoid pain.
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